Bukchon is the best place in terms of the Feng Shui theory (the theory of divination based on topography) because it is located at the southern foot of the mountain connecting Baegak and Eungbong. In the north, it has Samcheong Park and Mount Baegaksan, which have thick forests - unusual in the city center. It also has lower land in the south than in the north. This characteristic provides the area with a relatively warm winter and improves drainage in the village. Also, it has a great view point where you can enjoy the landscape of Mount Namsan. In the north of Bukchon, there is steep land with deep valleys but in the south it is relatively flat.
Bukchon is the 1,076,302㎡ area, which encompasses Gahoe-dong, Gye-dong, Samcheong-dong, Wonseo-dong, Jae-dong, and Palpan-dong, and which is surrounded by not only Yulgok-ro of Changdeokgung(Palace) but also Gyeongbokgung(Palace) and Samcheong Park.
Currently, the city government is planning to change it into the first type of residential district as well as a historical, cultural and aesthetic district.
On the northern side of Bukchon, there are Mount Baegaksan, which is 463 meters above the sea level, and Samcheong Park. Around the area there are two palaces of Joseon Dynasty – Gyeongbokgung(Palace), the main palace of the Joseon Dynasty (Historic Site No. 117) on the western side and Changdeokgung(Palace, Historic Site No. 122), designated as a UNESCO world heritage site, on the eastern side. Different from the 1960s, when all houses in Bukchon were hanoks, today a considerable number of hanoks were destroyed because of multi-floor buildings constructed after the 1990s. In some districts, however, a few intact hanoks can be found. This is particularly true of the areas of 31, 33 and 11 Gahoe-dong.